Cyber Theory and Techonology

Haraway has been described as a “feminist, rather loosely a neo-Marxist and a postmodernist” (Young, 172). In 1985, Haraway published the essay A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century in “Simians, Cyborgs and Women”. Although most of Haraway’s earlier work is focused on emphasizing the masculine bias in scientific culture, she has also contributed greatly to feminist narratives of the twentieth century.

In A Cyborg Manifesto, Haraway also talks about the metaphor of a Cyborg in order to challenge feminists to engage in a politics beyond naturalism and essentialisms. She also uses the metaphor of the cyborg to offer a political strategy for the seemingly disparate interests of socialism and feminism. <;

The errors and dogmatism of the now common notion of the Cyborg also extend to the understanding of what is actually happening in the techno sciences. The Cyborg is a theoretical fiction, since how the mechanic and the organic in fact materially interact and combine is not and cannot be accounted for by a theory ultimately based on abstractions.

This tendentious, primarily phantasm tic appropriation of techno scientific development as ‘cyborgian’ precludes a technically precise and fully inventive understanding of organico-machinic integration in favor of asserting what has been going on in well-meaning left-liberal circles for some time anyway. It is a complacent reduction of the actuality of the organico-machinic nexus, dulling it into politically comprehensible and polite terms.

In her essay A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century[1] , part of her book Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The Reinvention of Nature (1991), Haraway uses the cyborg metaphor to explain how fundamental contradictions in feminist theory and identity should be conjoined, rather than resolved, similar to the fusion of machine and organism in cyborgs. <;

An interpretation of the Cyborg Manifesto:
Haraway also feels that the cyborg parable has the potential for radical political action as it frees feminists from a desperate search for similarity with one another, since physical/epistemological boundary breaks can be extrapolated to political boundary crossings. <;

Technoculture is part of an emerging genre of new ways to think about the relation between science, technology and culture. It has been largely accepted by cyborg. In fact, cyborg is a symbol for postmodern technoculture.

The name is derived from the initial syllables of cybernetics and organism, thus uniting technology and biology in the description of man. Donna Haraway proposed using the cyborg as social reality and fiction at the same time. Not only was this a good idea for mixing genres of description but it also served to reconcile man and machine. Because we are electronically linked to the world around us in different ways we are all cyborgs. Scarcely a day passes without our opening a PC, calling from a landline or mobile phone or driving a car or bus in which the ignition, fuel injection and servo-steering are electronically controlled. And as users of pace makers and hearing aids we are already part of technoculture.

To Haraway the cyborg acts as an evocative and provocative statement, descriptive of current developments within information- communication- and media- technologies as well as biotechnologies and the cultural interplay between technology, organization, communication, aesthetics, interactivity, gender, body and subject. <;

Finally, cyborg also suggests a complex interrelation between technology and the human/society and is therefore, in my opinion, suitable for discussing the reconfiguring effects of media. Today, with the advent of computer animation and its drive to achieve complete realism, cyborg imagery has helped define the new computer generated visual landscapes that have forever changed the face of media technology.


One Response to “Cyber Theory and Techonology”

  1. christinatx Says:

    I also have to add that Haraway not only suggests that the cyborg myth can elininate the search for similarities within feminism, but I think that I this also can be applied to our society as a whole.

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